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Hyperopia

What is Hyperopia?

Hyperopia is commonly known as farsightedness, and it is a refractive error that is characterized by the ability of the eyes to see objects that are far away clearer than objects nearby. However, hyperopia is experienced differently by different people. Those with significant hyperopia, for example, view objects both near and far as blurry. Some people, on the other hand, may not notice that they have problems with their vision at all, especially when they’re young.

How does it Affect the Eye?

In the case of a normal vision, light enters through the cornea. The cornea’s shape, as well as that of the eyeball and lens, helps bend the light rays (also known as refract) in a way that focuses light directly and precisely onto the retina, in an area called the fovea.
However, the eyeball is extremely short in the case of farsightedness, which causes the light to focus on a location that is behind the retina. This means that instead of having a focused point of light on the retina, there is an area of disk-shaped light, and since the light that hits the retina isn’t focused, vision is blurred.

What are the Symptoms?

The symptoms of this ailment differ from one person to the next. Regular eye checks, though, can help you understand how hyperopia will affect you. There are some common symptoms of this disease, though, which include:

  • Eyestrain
  • Headaches
  • Blurry vision, especially in the case of nearby objects
  • Squinting
What are the Risk Factors for Developing Hyperopia?

If you have a family history of hyperopia, then it is very likely for you to develop it as well.

How is this Condition Treated?

There are 3 ways through which hyperopia can be corrected; contact lenses, eyeglasses, or surgery.

Contact Lenses:

These become a surface on which the light rays that enter the eye first refract, causing more precise focus or refraction. In several cases, contact lenses have been known to provide greater comfort, a wider vision field, as well as a clearer vision. Your doctor will let you know whether you’ll require lenses or not, as they’re not for everyone.

Eyeglasses:

The safest and simplest vision corrective method, your doctor may or may not decide to prescribe lenses instead as the most effective solution to your problem.

Refractive Surgery:

The shape of your cornea will be permanently changed in an attempt to improve refractive vision. Getting a surgery can eliminate or decrease the need for contact lenses and eyeglasses. You should talk to your doctor about the different types of surgical options and surgeries available.