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Presbyopia


What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia, also called aging eye condition, is a type of vision disorder that commonly develops as people age. This condition causes people to lose the ability to focus on objects close-up, which is a problem that is associated with refraction within the eye.

How does it Affect the Eye?

This is a condition that occurs naturally as people grow older. The struggles to focus the light entering it directly on the retina, because the natural lens becomes hard. As people age, the muscle fibers surrounding the lens are affected, which makes it difficult for the eye to properly focus on objects that are near. Instead, the lens causes the light to focus at the back of the retina, making objects appear blurry.

This is a total contrast to the eye of a younger person, as the lens is still flexible and allows the muscles in the eye to reshape the lens easily. This enables the eye to focus on objects that are both near and far.

What are the Symptoms?

The symptoms start to show for most at around the age of 40.

Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Having headaches or eyestrain after doing close work or reading
  • Experiencing fatigue from working at something at too close a distance
  • Having difficulty reading prints that are small
  • Requiring a brighter light to work up close or to read
  • Overall problems when focusing on or seeing objects that are too close to you
  • Needing to hold newspapers or reading texts in general at an arm’s length when trying to focus on it
  • Squinting

These symptoms are similar to those of hyperopia. Although both conditions cause the patient to view distant objects as clearer while closer objects become blurry, hyperopia is a condition that begins at birth. However, it is possible to have both hyperopia and presbyopia at the same time.,/p>

What are the Risk Factors for Developing Presbyopia?

Age is the most significant of all risk factors. By the age of 40, most people have difficulty focusing on objects that are nearer to them. Although it can affect everyone, some become more susceptible to the condition than others. Certain drugs or diseases can cause premature presbyopia to occur in people below the age of 40.

How is this Condition Treated?

Although there is no cure for this disease, there are treatments to correct your vision. Depending on your lifestyle and the condition of your disease, you may have the option of choosing contact lenses, surgery, or corrective lenses to aid your vision. Talking to one of our doctors will further clarify which option you can opt for.