The tear film serves to protect and lubricate the eyes and is made up of 3 distinct layers: an oily layer, a watery or aqueous layer, and a mucin layer. These 3 layers work together to maintain the health of our eyes. Symptoms of a dry eye usually occur when any of these layers aren’t functioning properly. Issues with the aqueous layer usually occur due to medication, autoimmune syndromes or laser surgery.
Eye drops can alleviate some symptoms of dry eye.
The absence of fluids in the watery or aqueous layer of the eye causes burning, grittiness and impaired vision. These symptoms can be relieved by the use of artificial tear eye drops. While it doesn’t help all cases of dry eye conditions, most patients respond well to this therapy.
Punctal plugs clinically proven to reduce symptoms.
Punctal plugs are tiny devices used to plug the tear ducts through which tears drain away. They are the most commonly recommended treatment for dry eye symptoms. They also help decrease inflammation in dry eye conditions caused by aqueous deficiency.
Prescription medicines can increase aqueous production in dry Eye.
Ikervis is a cyclosporine drop used in treating dry eye symptoms for cases where drops and punctal plugs are not effective. Ikervis works by increasing aqueous production by suppressing a part of the immune system and reducing inflammation.
Severe instances of dry eyes cases where the cornea has become thoroughly dried out can be treated with scleral contact lenses. These are special lenses with a saline solution between them and the eyes surface. The saline solution lubricates and protects the eyes thereby relieving dry eyes symptoms.
Several options exist to treat your dry eye symptoms. Visit your optician for an evaluation of the treatment options which will work best for you.